Since 2015, with the proclamation by the UN General Assembly a resolution the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide, the commemoration of their human dignity and the prevention of this crime is celebrated on December 9 all over the world. The date was chosen due to historical circumstances: in 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. One of the authors of the Convention was the American and Polish scientist-lawyer of Jewish origin Raphael Lemkin, who introduced the term “genocide” as a concept and developed it.
The purpose of the Day is to honor the memory of the people who became victims of genocide and prevent such crimes in future.
Section 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide defines as genocide one of the following actions committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group as follows:
(A) Killing members of the group;
(B) causing serious injuries or mental disorders to members of such a group;
(B) deliberately creating such living conditions for a group that are intended to fully or partially destroy it physically;
(D) measures designed to prevent childbearing in the environment of such for a group;
(E) forced transfer of children from one human group to another “.
Raphael Lemkin called the “destruction of the Ukrainian nation” – “a classic example of genocide.” In accordance with the UN Convention, Lemkin regarded as an integral part of the genocide against Ukrainian: the extinction of Ukrainian peasants, the destruction of the Ukrainian intellectuals and the elimination of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.
Ukraine ratified the Convention in 1954.